Association between Leptospirosis-Related Knowledge and Practices of Male Pedicab Drivers in Manila

Patricia Abigail C. Lim,1 Ma. Bituin S. Reyes,1 Diana Jean V. Vasquez,1
Raphael Jourdain L. Lim1 and Maylin C. Palatino1,2

1 College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health,
University of the Philippines Manila

Objective. The study aimed to determine whether or not an association exists between leptospirosis-related knowledge and the practices of pedicab drivers in Manila.

Methods. An analytic, cross-sectional study was done among 174 male pedicab drivers. Face-to-face itnerviews were conducted using an interview schedule containing 12 questions covering knowledge of transmission and prevention, and 8 questions covering preventive occupation-related practices against leptospirosis. Logistic regression was employed to examine association while controlling for the confounding effects of other variables.

Results. Forty-nine percent were found to have good knowledge on the transmission and prevention of leptospirosis while 21% had satisfactory preventive and health-seeking practice. After conrolling for the confounding effect of pedicab ownership, the odds of having unsatisfactory practices among those with low knowledge were found to be 13 times higher than those with good knowledge. Education was found to be an effect measure modifier.

Conclusion. The results suggest that a low level education combined with poor leptospirosis-related knowledge has a magnified effect on practices. Increasing the knowledge of pedicab drivers especially those with a low level of education is necessary to improve their practices. Information dissemination on leptospirosis should be further intensified. Collaboration between health workers and organizations of pedicab drivers can be done to organize health information seminars.

Key Words: Laptospirosis, knowledge and practices, prevention and control