Development of a Structured Situational Interview or Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) for the Pre-Residency Assessment System in a Tertiary General Hospital in the Philippines

Francisco P. Tranquilino

Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and
Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila

Background. Numerous selection criteria have been developed to assess the appropriate attributes and behavior expected of an Internist. The traditional personal interview format, however, cannot suffciently evaluate professionalism competency and it has a low reliability and validity.

Objectives. This study will conduct and extensive review and describe the existing interview portion of the residency selection process of the UP-PGH Department of Medicine and attempt to develop and effective structured multiple mini interview to replace the traditional format.

Methods. Review of Department records and consultant interviews will be conducted prior to the development of the new structured situational interview.

Results. An MMI has been developed consisting of 6 domains evaluated in separate stations. Each domain pertains to and attribute or behavior deemed important in the resident's professional career, namely honesty, teamwork, respect for authority, time management, ethical behavior on the use of emerging technologies and in dealing with the determine the pharmaceutical industry. A 5-point evaluation system will determine the interviewee's appropriateness and acceptability of behavior.

Conclusion. An MMI has been developed to evaluate appropriateness of behavior when presented with actual situations that may occur on-the-job.

Key Words: multiple mini-interview, situational interview, residency program