Dietary Diversity of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program Beneficiary and Non-beneficiary Households in Selected Barangays in San Pablo City, Laguna, Philippines

Kristine R. Vigilla-Montecillo,1,2,3 Wilma A. Hurtada,3 Normahitta P. Gordoncillo3 and
Dinah Pura T. Depositario4

1Department of Science and Technology - Food and Nutrition Research Institute (DOST-FNRI)
2Department of Science and Technology - Science Education Institute (DOST-SEI)
3Institute of Human Nutrition and Food, College of Human Ecology,
University of the Philippines Los Baños
4Department of Agribusiness Management and Entrepreneurship,
College of Economics and Management, University of the Philippines Los Baños

Objectives. The study aimed to analyze the household dietary diversity of beneficiary and non-beneficiary households of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in selected barangays in San Pablo City, Laguna, Philippines and determine the nutritional status of children (6-60 months old) within these households.

Methods. Household dietary diversity score (HDDS) was used as an indicator for the households’ dietary diversity. The nutritional status of children was determined using anthropometric data from the Barangay Health Centers. A total of 270 households was randomly selected through stratified random sampling with equal allocation.

Results. Findings showed that beneficiary households had higher HDDS compared to the non-beneficiary households. The results also suggest that beneficiary households with larger household size, higher income, who were living in rural areas and who have female as well as more educated financial managers, tend to have a more diverse diet. On the other hand, a higher prevalence of malnutrition was observed among children in beneficiary households.

Conclusion. Beneficiary households of 4Ps had better diet quality in terms of diversity than non-beneficiary households. However, the advantage of having a more diverse diet has not fully addressed the malnutrition problem among children as it was still widely prevalent in beneficiary households.

Key Words: Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program, Conditional Cash Transfer Programs, Household Dietary Diversity, Child Nutrition