Poliomyelitis Eradication Program in the Philippines

Aida M. Salonga1,2,3

1Institute of Child Health and Human Development,
National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila
2Acute Flaccid Paralysis Expert Panel, Department of Health, Philippines
3Regional Certification Commission, Western Pacific Region, World Health Organization

The countries that belong to the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region (WHO-WPRO) had been certified free of circulating wild polio virus in 2000. This was the result of good concerted efforts by the member countries in maintaining high quality of surveillance and high level of oral polio vaccine 3 (OPV3) immunization. To date, there are only three countries in the world where wild polio virus in polio-free countries remains a major concern, espcecially in the Philippines. The Philippines has been downgraded to one of the countries at high risk for polio transmission and importation by the WHO since 2012 because of our failure to meet WHO surveillance standards. This makes our country at risk only for the remergence of circulating wild polio virus, but also for the occurrence of circulating vaccine derived polio virus (cVDPV).

Key Words: acute flaccid paralysis, wild polio virus, cVDPV, virus importation