Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in relation to Socio-demographic profile of the Life Course Study in Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology Study (LIFECARE) Philippine Cohort

Felix Eduardo R. Punzalan,1,2,4 Rody G. Sy1,2,3 Olivia T. Sison,2,4,5
Nina T. Castillo-Carandang,2,4,5 Wilbert Allan G. Gumatay,2
Paul Ferdinand M. Reganit,1,2 Paulette D. Nacpil-Dominguez,2
Queenie G. Ngalob,2 Felicidad V. Velandria2 and Elmer Jasper B. Llanes1,2

1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and
Philippine General Hospital University of the Philippines Manila
2LIFE course study in CARdiovascular disease Epidemiology (LIFECARE)
Philippine Study Group, Lipid Research Unit, UP-PGH, Manila, Philippines
3Cardinal Santos Medical Center, San Juan City, Metro Manila, Philippines
4Department of Clinical Epidemiology, College of Medicine,
University of the Philippines Manila
5Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, National Institutes of Health,
University of the Philippines Manila

Objective. To describe the distribution of the clinical cardiovascular risk profile of the LIFECARE Philippine cohort in relation to its socio-demographic factors.

Methods. We recruited a total of 3,072 apparently healthy participants from Manila and nearby provinces of Rizal, Batangas, Bulancan and Quezon. Face-to-face interview was done to obtain socio-demographic data. Baseline clinical parameters and biochemical tests were obtained. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was determined by sex, place of residence, level of education and employment.

Results. Overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus was at 5%, similar between sexes, area class, educational attainment and employment status. More smokers were male, employed or with an elementary level of education. Prevalence of hypertension was at 14.5% and was seen more in males, urban dwellers, employed or with an elementary level of education. Dyslipdemia was seen more in males, living in the rural areas, employed or with a college level of education. Lastly, obese participants were seen more in females, living in urban areas, employed with a college level of eduction.

Conclusion. Older, male and employed participants who are living in the urban areas have more cardiovascular risk factors.

Keywords: cardivascular risk factors, socio-demographic, LIFECARE