Selected Sociodemographic and Psychosocial Variables Related to Mothers' Preference for Childbirth Setting in a Barangay in Rosario, Cavite

Karell Jo Angelique C. Calpito, Charmaine M. Cañizares, Venice Ann Kaye R. Celis, Nover Edward P. Duarte, Ma. Alea Razelle S. Gaela, John Robert C. Medina, Jonathan P. Guevarra
and Ernesto R. Gregorio, Jr.

Department of Health Promotion and Education, College of Public Health,
University of the Philippines Manila

Objectives. This study aimed to describe selected sociodemographic and psychosocial factors that are related to mothers' preference for childbirth setting in a barangay in Rosario, Cavite.

Methods. This study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional design. An interview guide was developed, pretested, and used in interviewing mothers who had given birth from September 1, 2007 to August 31, 2010. Data collected was encoded and analyzed using Epi-info 3.5.1 to compute for the means and proportions of relevant variables.

Results. A total of 271 mothers interviewed, of whom 53.5% gave birth at health facilities. Mothers who were young adults, had at least graduated from high school, and/or had a family income of greater than Php 10,000 tended to prefer facility-based delivery. Those who had adequate knowledge of child delivery. Those who had adequate knowledge of child delivery and postpartum complications, as well as those with a positive attitude towards facility-based delivery, gave bith in health facilities. Among the family members, the spouses had greater influence on the decisions of mothers regarding their preference. Whereas doctors appeared to have influenced the decisions of mothers who had facility-based deliveries, midwives influenced those who had home-based deliveries.

Conclusion. The maternal mortality ratio in Rosario, Cavite and the facility-based delivery rate in the sampled barangay remain higher than the targeted rates. This necessitates more efforts to achieve Millennium Development Goal (MDG) No 5. The findings of this study can serve as a guide in developing health promotion and education intervention focusing on specific age group, significant others, and health providers in order to achieve the desired outcomes.

Key Words: childbirth, maternal health, facility-based delivery, home-based delivery, psychosocial variables